Violent Confrontations

Bettmann Bettmann Archive

Segregation protesters Professor John R. Salter, Joan Trumpauer, and Annie Moody remain at a sit-in at a lunch counter in Jackson, Mississippi even after Professor Salter was sprayed with condiments and beaten on the back and head by spectators in the crowd. The Rev. Ed King joined in sit-ins as well as "kneel-ins" in efforts to gain racial integration (see photo below).

Closed Doors: Ed King and the Jackson 'Kneel-in' Campaign for Racial Equality